The United States of America is one of the drivers of technology, innovation and the arts in the world. Whether or not this is borne out of, or is a material driver, of the idea of intellectual property protection is a matter that will largely remain undetermined. However, what is very clear is that the United States continues to be one of the staunchest supporters of Intellectual Property Laws and as such is a constant witness to many court actions related to intellectual property. Even matters as simple as San Diego floors get the occasion court tussle precisely because of its intellectual value.
But before we get to the crux of the intellectual property right situation in the USA, perhaps it is worthwhile to first dive into the meaning of intellectual property. Simple put, intellectual property is the recognition that “creations of the mind” can be considered real assets despite the element of intangibility so much so that they should be afforded rights equivalent to those of real property. Consequently, a long list of laws has been enacted in the US and in the international scene in general, via treaties and agreements, in order to enforce this idea of protection of the products of the mind. In short, intangible assets such as music, artistic works, literature, even inventions, language, logos, designs and many others are considered the “Wow Gold” result of creativity and should therefore be afforded a certain level of protection and rights.
The primary goals of intellectual property rights are two-fold. First, it recognizes the efforts of the creator in the area of invention and creativity and takes actions to give that creator the protection due such that the product or idea can only be used by the creator or delegated free-of-charge as discerned. The second is the idea of motivating others to be just as creative by giving them the incentive to create. For example, in the area of putting up a surf shop, one just wouldn’t create an ordinary surf shop but would rather innovate to create maybe a new board design, a new material for a board, a novel addition to make a board for effective or safer. In these regards, intellectual property rights are regarded as something that should elevate ideas as well as protect the inventor from exploitation by those who only seek to copy the ideas of others.
In the United States and in many areas around the world, there are many forms of protection afforded to intellectual property rights. Common examples include copyright, patent, trademark, and even a trade secret to name a few. There are also other forms such as author’s rights for writers, related rights, moral rights, geographical indication and utility models to name a few. These refer to novel ideas such as HCG drops rather than the more conventional and already recognized arts such as maybe a Carlsbad therapist.
In this regard, perhaps it is worthwhile to examine each of the major components of intellectual property protection just to gain an understanding of how it works.
Copyright. This is one of words related to intellectual property that are thrown around but now that many know its deeper meaning or implication. According to formal definition, a copyright is the granting of exclusive rights to the holder so that person can be credited and compensated for his work wherever it may appear, essentially giving him full control of the right to designate or allow others to use it or now. An important element in legal parlance is that the “thing” that has a copyright can be an idea or information that is discrete and substantive.
To give a very common example; a song composed by an artist can only be reprinted or used in any way, shape or form with the artist’s consent and maybe through extra compensation also called a royalty. In a way, it also helps in remodeling estimates pertaining to the gains or profit out of a work as any subsequent use actually generates income for the copyright holder.
Patent. The patent works much like a copyright with one critical difference; it is only granted under the condition that it is fully disclosed to the public. For example, if an inventor determines a new way to download files from the internet, that inventor can apply for a patent if the mechanics of the invention or discovery is fully divulged and documented. In today’s technology-heavy society, patents are the common form of intellectual property protection. As if it’s not that obvious, this extends beyond the idea of, say, putting up a car dealership, to a new way of selling a car or something in that regard.
Trademark. A trademark is the protection afforded to a logo or brand in order to retain its identity and uniqueness. Common trademarks include Coca-Cola, Colgate, McDonalds and many others. Imagine if just anyone can use these names for their respective businesses; that would ruin the identity and personality of the brand name or logo; hence the need for protection. It also applies to all sorts of branding strategies from realizzazione siti web to brand names for the best web hosting and many others.
Trade Secret. Rounding up the common protection for intellectual property rights in the USA is the trade secret. This gets treatment opposite that of the patent as it must remain secret in order to maintain some sort of economic benefit for its holder. For example, the manufacture of capacitive touch screens used in iPhone units can be a trade secret because once other brands learn of the technology behind the capacitive touchscreen then they can manufacturer products that negate the iPhone’s advantages. Consequently, this can apply to all sorts of products – even yoga mats – as long as it satisfies the criteria that the protection of the information from common knowledge allows a company to profit.
There are obviously many other forms of protection for intellectual property rights in the USA and in other jurisdiction. Altogether, it is the subject of many discussions in law and constitutes on to itself a different branch of legal practice. If you want to know more about intellectual property rights, there are volumes of resources on the internet that can help widen your knowledge on intellectual property protection.